In the thousands of years that farming has been practiced in China, the Chinese have refined and perfected their agricultural techniques. Traditional Chinese agriculture is labor intensive; the emphasis is on using many workers to increase the crop yield per unit of land rather than on increasing the productivity of the individual worker. Chinese agricultural practices have been shaped by the a shortage of farmland in the country, at least relative to the population.


China’s principal food crops are rice, wheat, corn, gaoliang (Chinese sorghum), millet, barley, and sunflower seeds. China is the world’s largest producer of rice, and rice accounts for almost half of the country’s total food-crop output. Rice, wheat, and corn together make up more than 90 percent of China’s total food grain production, and these crops occupy about 85 percent of the land under cultivation.

Grain production has risen steadily since rural economic system reform started in 1978. There has also been a steady rise in the output of industrial crops, the most important of which are cotton, oil-bearing crops (such as peanuts and rapeseed), sugar (both cane sugar and beet sugar), tobacco, baste fiber (for cordage, matting, and similar uses), tea, and fruits. Poultry and livestock production, though rising, remains the weakest sector of Chinese agriculture. Livestock numbers are high, but the amount of meat produced per animal is low. Thus, China has 15 percent of the world’s livestock and about 40 percent of its pigs, but it provides only 7 percent of the meat products and 15 percent of the pork.


National FO’s

Mr. Zhao Tieqiao
Chaiperson of National Steering Committee, MTCP2 China

AgriMgt Institute, Ministry of Agriculture
Tel: 86-10-81701318 | 86-13811851026
Contact Person: Mr. Li Erchao, PhD
Position: Coordinator of National Implementing Agency, MTCPs China
Associate Professor, Agricultural Management Institute, Ministry of Agriculture of China

Beijing Federation of Specialized Farmers
Building 3, Yard No.7, Beishatan, Chaoyang District, Beijing
Fax: 64866040
Contact Person: Han Sheng
Tel: 13681148159 | 64866040
Contact Person: Kong Rui
Tel: 18911992199

Gansu Province Federation of Specialized Farmers
No.2, Guazhou Road, Qilihe District, Lanzhou
Tel: 13893152996 | Fax: 0931-2345256
Contact Person: Ma Yuanbiao

Specialized Farmers Cooperative Federation of Hubei Province
Room 2501, Agriculture Department’s Agriculture Building, No. 519, Wuluo Road, Wuhan City, Hubei Province
Tel: 15827229503
Contact Person: Zhao Shitao

Specialized Farmers Cooperative Service Center of Miyun
Specialized Farmers Cooperative Service Center, 6/F, Xinyuan Building, Gulou East Street, Miyun County
Tel: 69083356 | Fax: 69083360
Contact Person: Zhao Tiemei

Shaanxi Federation of Specialized Farmers
B-507, Lijun V Times, Fengcheng Yilu Road, Weiyang District, Xi’an, Shaanxi
Tel: 13659149593 | Fax: 29-86183976
Contact Person: Qiang Yanning

Zhejiang Federation of Farmer Cooperatives
Fengqi East Rd No.29, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province
Tel: 13958033305 | Fax: 0571-86757725
Contact Person: Zhao Zongying

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